Johann Strauss Jr. was an Austrian composer and conductor of the 19th century, who became famous all over Europe as the “Waltz King” with his popular waltz compositions, such as "On the Beautiful Blue Danube," "Vienna Blood" or the "Emperor Waltz". His unique oeuvre includes more than 500 waltzes, 16 operettas, polkas, quadrilles, one ballet and one opera.
Unlike Mozart, Johann Strauss was born in Vienna in the year 1825. His father was already a famous composer with the same name – Johann Strauss. After he returned to Vienna from his extensive concert tours, he was so happy that he publicly repeated these words again and again: “There is only one imperial city. There is only one Vienna”.
Following example of his father, young Johann wanted to make his own career as a conductor. At the age of 19 he conducted his first concert at the famous Dommayer Casino which was a huge success. The audience was overwhelmed by the unique style of his music and the concert ended with visitors applauding loudly and wanting more. Overnight, Strauss became a celebrity and his reputation as a gifted musician spread rapidly in the following years. His father was delighted with his success: his son suddenly became one of his biggest competitors.
In the following years the young Strauss toured Europe and North America, which caused a worldwide “Strauss hysteria”. Together with his brothers Joseph and Eduard he performed on the most important concert stages in the world. By 1864 Strauss composed exclusively dance music and propelled the Waltz genre to popularity, for which he earned the title “The Waltz King”. Three years later, the famous song “On the beautiful blue Danube”, most commonly known as “Danube waltz”, was composed and is today recognized as unofficial Austrian anthem.
Later, Strauss devoted himself to other dances, such as polka, gallop, marsh or csárdás. With his works such as “The Bat“ and “The Gypsy Baron“ he led the Golden Age of Viennese Operetta to its climax. Johann Strauss died on the 3rd of June 1899 and was buried at the Vienna Central Cemetery with great public participation.